20 October 1999 Fabry-Perot interferometer for geostationary-based observations of tropospheric ozone
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Monitoring tropospheric chemistry from space is the next frontier for advancing present-day remote sensing capabilities to meet future high-priority atmospheric science measurement needs. Paramount to these measurement requirements is that for tropospheric ozone, one of the most important gas-phase trace constituents in the lower atmosphere. Such space-based observations of tropospheric trace species are challenged by the need for sufficient horizontal resolution to identify constituent spatial distribution inhomogeneities (that result from non-uniform sources/sinks and atmospheric transport) and the need for adequate temporal resolution to resolve daytime and diurnal variations. Both of these requirements can be fulfilled from a geostationary Earth orbit (GEO) measurement configuration. An advanced atmospheric remote sensing concept for the measurement of tropospheric ozone from a GEO-based platform is presented. The concept is centered about an imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) observing a narrow spectral interval within the strong 9.6 micron ozone infrared band with a spectral resolution approximately 0.07 cm-1. This concept could also simplify other atmospheric chemistry sensor designs (which typically require spectral resolutions in the range of 0.01 - 0.1 cm-1), since such an FPI approach could be implemented for those spectral bands requiring the highest spectral resolution and thus simplify overall design complexity.
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Allen M. Larar, Allen M. Larar, William A. Roettker, William A. Roettker, Jeffery J. Puschell, Jeffery J. Puschell, William B. Cook, William B. Cook, "Fabry-Perot interferometer for geostationary-based observations of tropospheric ozone", Proc. SPIE 3756, Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III, (20 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.366373; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.366373

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