25 October 1999 Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference frequency mixing
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Abstract
The development of compact mid-IR sources using frequency- converted diode lasers has been demonstrated to be applicable for the ultra sensitive, selective, and real time detection of many trace gas species in the infrared spectroscopic fingerprint region, which contains virtually all the fundamental vibrational modes of molecules. This development of infrared laser sources has taken advantage of recent significant technological advances of semiconductor diode lasers and solid state lasers, new nonlinear optical materials, optical fiber and novel data acquisition techniques. Such sensors are able to detect molecules at the parts-per-billion level in ambient air using infrared absorption spectroscopy either by monitoring trace gases in an open path or multi-pass cell configuration. Real world applications ranging from urban, industrial, rural emission studies to spacecraft habitat monitoring are described.
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Frank K. Tittel, Frank K. Tittel, David G. Lancaster, David G. Lancaster, Dirk A. Richter, Dirk A. Richter, Lew Goldberg, Lew Goldberg, Jeffrey P. Koplow, Jeffrey P. Koplow, } "Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference frequency mixing", Proc. SPIE 3758, Application of Tunable Diode and Other Infrared Sources for Atmospheric Studies and Industrial Processing Monitoring II, (25 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.366449; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.366449
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