22 October 1999 PN-CCD camera for XMM and ABRIXAS: design of the camera system
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Abstract
The pn-Charge Coupled Device (pn-CCD) camera was developed as one of the focal plane instruments for the European Photon Imaging Camera on board the x-ray multi mirror mission. An identical camera was foreseen on board ABRIXAS, a German x-ray satellite. The pn-CCD camera is an imaging x- ray detector for single photon counting, operating at a temperature below -80 degrees C. Due to a 0.3 mm depletion depth of the CCDs, the detector has a high quantum efficiency up to 15 keV. The effective area of the instrument is 6 cm X 6 cm with 12 CCDs monolithically integrated on a single silicon wafer. The camera includes a filter wheel with different filters for suppression of optical and UV light. A radioactive source provides an in- orbit calibration. In this paper we give an overview of the mechanical, thermal and electrical design of the instrument and a description of different readout and test modes. More detailed information about the performance and calibration of the instrument can be found in companion papers.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Elmar Pfeffermann, Heinrich W. Braeuninger, Edgar Bihler, Ulrich G. Briel, Horst Hippmann, Peter Holl, Josef Kemmer, Eckhard Kendziorra, Guenther Kettenring, Baerbel Kretschmar, Markus Kuster, Norbert Meidinger, Gerd Metzner, Bernhard Pflueger, Claus Reppin, Heike Soltau, Karl-Heinz Stephan, Lothar Strueder, Joachim E. Truemper, Christoph von Zanthier, "PN-CCD camera for XMM and ABRIXAS: design of the camera system", Proc. SPIE 3765, EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy X, (22 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.366499; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.366499
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