29 September 1999 X-ray optics for the WFXT telescope
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Abstract
Wide field x-ray telescope (WFXT) is the core instrument of the Wide Angle X-ray Survey (WAXS) mission, which is aimed at conducting a high angular resolution, high sensitivity x- ray survey over a large solid angle of the sky. The project has been developed as a feasibility study in the frame of the Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) program for small-medium satellite mission. WFXT uses grazing incidence optics based on a new design where the Wolter I profile is substituted by a five term polynomial profile. The coefficients of the polynomium are optimized to obtain high spatial resolution over a field of view of about 1 degree. The WFXT optics consist of 25 nested shells. In order to have both a large effective area at low energies and a meaningful area at higher energies, a design consisting of 9 large mirror shells and 16 smaller shells, contributing mainly at higher energies, has been developed. The outermost and innermost mirror shells have a diameter of 600 and 226 mm, respectively. The total length of the mirror shells is 120 + 120 mm, while the focal length of the optical system is 3000 mm. For the WFXT optics, in addition to the well proved manufacturing process by nickel electroforming, we considered a novel replication technique for the manufacture of the mirrors which make use of ceramic material like Silicon Carbide in order to meet the stringent requirements of high spatial resolution and low weight. In this paper we give the details of the optical design and report the rest of the x-ray measurements of the prototypes of the outermost mirror shell manufactured with nickel and SiC.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Oberto Citterio, Oberto Citterio, Sergio Campana, Sergio Campana, Paolo Conconi, Paolo Conconi, Mauro Ghigo, Mauro Ghigo, Francesco Mazzoleni, Francesco Mazzoleni, Heinrich W. Braeuninger, Heinrich W. Braeuninger, Wolfgang Burkert, Wolfgang Burkert, Andreas Oppitz, Andreas Oppitz, } "X-ray optics for the WFXT telescope", Proc. SPIE 3766, X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions II, (29 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.363636; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.363636
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