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6 July 1999 Electrical field effects in phthalocyanine film growth by vapor deposition
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Phthalocyanine films have been synthesized by vapor deposition on quartz substrates. Some substrates were coated with a very thin gold film for introducing electrical fie.d These films have been characterized by x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The films have excellent chemical and optical stability. However, the surface of these films grown without electrical field shows whisk-like morphology. When films are deposited under an electrical field, a dense film with flat surface is obtained. A change of film in growth orientations and solid state phase is also observed for the film synthesized under electrical fields.
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Curtis E. Banks, Shen Zhu, Donald O. Frazier, Benjamin G. Penn, Hossin Ahmed Abdeldayem, Rosline Hicks, and Sergey S. Sarkisov "Electrical field effects in phthalocyanine film growth by vapor deposition", Proc. SPIE 3792, Materials Research in Low Gravity II, (6 July 1999);

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