4 October 1999 Development of solid state optical limiting devices
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Abstract
We present our recent advances toward the development of high-performance solid-state optical limiting devices using reverse saturable absorption (RSA) dyes doped into optical host materials. Femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy was employed to determine both the spectral regions of strong RSA, and the singlet-triplet excited-state dynamics. The optical limiting in the visible spectrum in both metallo-phthalocyanines and metallo-porphyrins is due to a combination of singlet and triplet RSA. Optical limiting performance was studied for RSA dyes in dual tandem limiters (both in solution and solid-state). Our best results in the solid-state yielded an attenuation of 400X, and a damage threshold of up to several mJ at f/5 focusing. The optical limiting at f/5 is further enhanced, particularly in the solid-state, by self-defocusing thermal nonlinearities.
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Su Xu, Hsing-Lin Wang, Anton V. Malko, Randolph S. Kohlman, L. Smilowitz, Victor I. Klimov, Duncan W. McBranch, Jean-Luc R. Nogues, William V. Moreshead, David J. Hagan, Sidney S. Yang, Eric W. Van Stryland, "Development of solid state optical limiting devices", Proc. SPIE 3798, Power-Limiting Materials and Devices, (4 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.363865; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.363865
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