1 October 1999 Propagation of angular cross-spectral density and 3D imaging
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Interferometric 3D imaging based on measuring the space- variant cross-spectral density propagated in free space is reviewed. The spatial coherence function such as the cross- spectral density or the mutual intensity conserves the total 3D information as propagating in free space. The present method is on the basis of the propagation law of the cross- spectral density described in the Fourier domain. By using this law, the cross-spectral density across an arbitrary transverse plane is retrieved from the cross-spectral density measured on the observation plane. A series of retrieved cross-spectral densities composes the 3D intensity distribution. An experimental retrieval of the intensity distribution is demonstrated by using uncorrelated two point sources. A similarity of a point spread function of the present interferometric imaging system to an ordinary image forming system is also discussed.
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Hidenobu Arimoto, Hidenobu Arimoto, Kazuyoshi Itoh, Kazuyoshi Itoh, } "Propagation of angular cross-spectral density and 3D imaging", Proc. SPIE 3804, Algorithms, Devices, and Systems for Optical Information Processing III, (1 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.363973; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.363973

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