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4 October 1999 Tracking in the presence of range deception ECM and clutter by decomposition and fusion
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Range deception, such as range-gate-pull-off (RGPO) is a common electronic countermeasure (ECM) technique used to defeat or degrade tracking radars. Although a variety of heuristic approaches/tricks have been proposed to mitigate the impact of this type of ECM on the target tracking algorithms, none of them involve a systematic means to reject the countermeasure signals. This paper presents a general and systematic approach, called Decomposition and Fusion (DF) approach, for target tracking in the presence of range deception ECM and clutter. It is effective against RGPO, range-gate-pull-in, and range false target ECM techniques for a radar system where the deception measurements have virtually the same angles as the target measurement. This DF approach has four fundamental components: (a) decomposing the validated measurements by determination of range deception measurements using hypothesis testing; (b) running one or more tracking filters using the detected range deception measurements only; (c) running a conventional tracking-in-clutter filter using the remaining measurements; (d) fusing the tracking filters by a probabilistically weighted sum of their estimates. Several algorithms within the DF approach are discussed.
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X. Rong Li, Benjamin J. Slocumb, and Philip D. West "Tracking in the presence of range deception ECM and clutter by decomposition and fusion", Proc. SPIE 3809, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1999, (4 October 1999);


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