25 June 1999 Sign language indexation within the MPEG-7 framework
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Abstract
In this paper, we address the issue of sign language indexation/recognition. The existing tools, like on-like Web dictionaries or other educational-oriented applications, are making exclusive use of textural annotations. However, keyword indexing schemes have strong limitations due to the ambiguity of the natural language and to the huge effort needed to manually annotate a large amount of data. In order to overcome these drawbacks, we tackle sign language indexation issue within the MPEG-7 framework and propose an approach based on linguistic properties and characteristics of sing language. The method developed introduces the concept of over time stable hand configuration instanciated on natural or synthetic prototypes. The prototypes are indexed by means of a shape descriptor which is defined as a translation, rotation and scale invariant Hough transform. A very compact representation is available by considering the Fourier transform of the Hough coefficients. Such an approach has been applied to two data sets consisting of 'Letters' and 'Words' respectively. The accuracy and robustness of the result are discussed and a compete sign language description schema is proposed.
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Titus Zaharia, Marius Preda, Francoise J. Preteux, "Sign language indexation within the MPEG-7 framework", Proc. SPIE 3816, Mathematical Modeling, Bayesian Estimation, and Inverse Problems, (25 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.351316; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.351316
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