30 November 1999 Airborne particle characterization by spatial scattering and fluorescence
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Abstract
Several workers have reported the development of systems which allow the measurement of intrinsic fluorescence from particles irradiated with ultra-violet radiation. The fluorescence data are frequently recorded in conjunction with other parameters such as particle size, measured either as a function of optical scatter or as an aerodynamic size. The motivation for this work has been principally the detection of bioaerosols within an ambient environment. Previous work by the authors has shown that an analysis of the scattering profile of a particle, i.e.: the spatial distribution of light scattered by the particle carried in a sample air-stream, can provide an effective means of particle characterization and classification in terms of both size and shape parameters. Current work is aimed at the simultaneous recording of both spatial scattering and fluorescence data from individual particles with a view to substantially enhanced discrimination of biological aerosols. A prototype instrument has recently been completed which employs a cw 266 nm laser source to produce both elastic (spatial scattering) and inelastic (fluorescence) signals from individual airborne particles. The instrument incorporates a custom designed high-gain multi- pixel hybrid photodiode (HPD) to record the spatial scattering data and a single photomultiplier to record total fluorescence from the illuminated particle. Recorded data are processed to allow the classification of airborne particles on the basis of size, shape, and fluorescence for both biological and non- biological aerosols.
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John Barton, John Barton, Edwin Hirst, Edwin Hirst, Paul Kaye, Paul Kaye, Spencer Saunders, Spencer Saunders, Don Clark, Don Clark, } "Airborne particle characterization by spatial scattering and fluorescence", Proc. SPIE 3855, Air Monitoring and Detection of Chemical and Biological Agents II, (30 November 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.371267; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.371267
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