Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) promises to be one of the most sensitive methods for chemical detection and in recent years SERS has been used for chemical, biochemical, environmental, and physiological applications. A variety of methods using various media (electrodes, colloids, and substrates) have been successfully developed to enhance Raman signals by six orders of magnitude and more. However, SERS has not become a routine analytical technique because these methods are unable to provide quantitative measurements. This is largely due to the inability to fabricate a sampling medium that provides reversible chemical adsorption, analysis-to-analysis reproducibility, unrestricted solution requirements (reagent concentration and pH) or sample phase (liquid or solid). In an effort to overcome these restrictions, we have developed metal-doped sol-gels to provide surface-enhancement of Raman scattering.