28 December 1999 Ground through on-orbit transfer of the International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90): radiometeric scale using the CERES thermistor bolometers and built-in flight calibration systems
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Abstract
The Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES thermistor bolometers were calibrated using filtered radiances, characterized on an International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90) derived absolute radiometric scale. Longwave filtered radiances were characterized using the optical and geometric surface properties of the reference Narrow-Field-of-View Blackbody (NFBB), the NFBB temperature measurements from the ITS-90 calibrated platinum resistance thermometers (PRT) embedded in the blackbodies, and the spectral responses of the CERES bolometers. Shortwave filtered radiances were characterized using the cryogenically-cooled Transfer Active Cavity Radiometer (TACR) which was an ITS-90 transfer standard, and using the spectral responses of the bolometers. In ground vacuum facilities, the ITS-90, temperature-based radiometric scale was transferred to the CERES bolometers. As ITS-90 transfer standards, the bolometers were used to characterize the emitted filtered radiances from in-flight systems: (1) the internal calibration module (ICM) which consisted of anodized aluminum blackbodies and tungsten lamp sources; and (2) mirror attenuator mosaic (MAM) which was an aluminum solar diffuser plate, built into the bolometer instrumentation. From the ground [October 1995] through the on-orbit phases [December 1998 - July 1999] of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Spacecraft CERES instrument mission, the stabilities of the bolometer's responses were assessed from periodical observations of the in-flight calibration systems radiances. Each CERES instrument package consisted of broadband shortwave [0.3 micrometer to 5.0 micrometer], broadband total [0.3 micrometer to greater than 100 micrometer], and narrowband window [8 micrometer and 12 micrometer], scanning thermistor bolometer sensor units; and of in-flight calibration systems. Between the ground and initial on-orbit calibrations, the TRMM CERES bolometers and the built-in, flight calibration system sources maintained their filtered radiance measurement ties to ITS-90 at the plus or minus 0.2 Wm-2sr-1 precision level. On-orbit calibration studies indicate that the radiance measurements were stable at the plus or minus 0.2 Wm-2sr-1 precision level. The ground and on- orbit calibration results are presented and discussed.
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Robert Benjamin Lee, Susan Thomas, Robert S. Wilson, Kory J. Priestley, Jack Paden, Dhirendra K. Pandey, Aiman Al-Hajjah, "Ground through on-orbit transfer of the International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90): radiometeric scale using the CERES thermistor bolometers and built-in flight calibration systems", Proc. SPIE 3870, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites III, (28 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.373207; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.373207
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