1 February 2000 Visualization of ultrafast dynamics of laser pulse propagation in the atmosphere using a novel measurement method: FTOP (femtosecond time-resolved optical polarigraphy)
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Proceedings Volume 3885, High-Power Laser Ablation II; (2000) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.376997
Event: Advanced High-Power Lasers and Applications, 1999, Osaka, Japan
Abstract
In the field of laser processing, it is important to monitor the beam quality such as the spatial- and time-distribution. A novel time-resolved imaging technique named FTOP (Femtosecond Time-resolved Optical Polarigraphy) for visualizing the ultrafast propagation dynamics of intense light pulses in a medium has been proposed and demonstrated. FTOP is used to monitor the 3D intensity distribution of the pump pulse focused in a medium by the probe pulse. Femtosecond snapshot images can be created with a high spatial resolution by imaging only the polarization components of the probe pulse; these polarization components change due to the instantaneous birefringence induced by the pump pulse in the medium. Ultrafast temporal changes in the 2D spatial distribution of the optical pulse intensity were clearly visualized in consecutive images by changing the delay between the pump and probe. We observe that several filaments appear and then come together before the vacuum focus due to nonlinear effects in air. We also prove that filamentation dynamics such as the formation position and the propagation behavior are complex and are strongly affected by the pump energy. The results collected clearly show that this method FTOP succeeds for the first time in directly visualizing the ultrafast dynamics of the self- modulated nonlinear propagation of light.
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Shin-Ichiro Aoshima, Shin-Ichiro Aoshima, M. Fujimoto, M. Fujimoto, M. Hosoda, M. Hosoda, Yutaka Tsuchiya, Yutaka Tsuchiya, "Visualization of ultrafast dynamics of laser pulse propagation in the atmosphere using a novel measurement method: FTOP (femtosecond time-resolved optical polarigraphy)", Proc. SPIE 3885, High-Power Laser Ablation II, (1 February 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.376997; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.376997
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