14 January 2000 Performance of high-power lasers for rock excavation
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Proceedings Volume 3887, High-Power Lasers in Civil Engineering and Architecture; (2000) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.375195
Event: Advanced High-Power Lasers and Applications, 1999, Osaka, Japan
Abstract
Rock excavation experiment with a 10kW-class CO2 laser was demonstrated as a basic study for field application of high power lasers. Sample rocks used in this experiment as a workpiece were tuff breccia and granite. Effect of assist gases on the excavation rate was surveyed. Oxygen, nitrogen, and air were examined and found not to be useful. It was because the gas flow could not blow the molten rocks off, but only helps to cool in case the hole races certain depth. Excavation rate on both rocks for a various output powers was measured to determine thermal constants inherent to each rock. It was found that the excavation rate resulted in slower, as the hole becomes deeper, because of the deterioration in evacuation efficiency of the molten rock. Thermal parameters of the both rocks were derived from the experimental results. Using simplified thermal balance model, it was estimated that a 50 kW-class mobile laser system has a potential to outperform the conventional mechanical excavation technique.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Daichi Sugimoto, Daichi Sugimoto, Hayato Tanaka, Hayato Tanaka, Masamori Endo, Masamori Endo, Shuzaburo Takeda, Shuzaburo Takeda, Kenzo Nanri, Kenzo Nanri, Tomoo Fujioka, Tomoo Fujioka, "Performance of high-power lasers for rock excavation", Proc. SPIE 3887, High-Power Lasers in Civil Engineering and Architecture, (14 January 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.375195; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.375195
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