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14 January 2000 Possibilities of a metal surface radioactive decontamination using a pulsed CO2 laser
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Proceedings Volume 3887, High-Power Lasers in Civil Engineering and Architecture; (2000)
Event: Advanced High-Power Lasers and Applications, 1999, Osaka, Japan
There is a growing interest in the laser radioactive decontamination of metal surfaces. It offers advantages over conventional methods: improved safety, reduction of secondary waste, reduced waste volume, acceptable cost. A main mechanism of cleaning in by lasers is ablation. In this work a pulsed TEA CO2 laser was used for surface cleaning, primarily in order to demonstrate that the ablation from metal surfaces with this laser is possible even with relatively low pulse energies, and secondary, that it could be competitive with other lasers because of much higher energy efficiencies. The laser pulse contains two parts, one strong and shot peak at the beginning, followed with a tail. The beam was focused onto a contaminated surface with a KBr lens. The surface was contaminated with 137Cs. Three different metals were used: stainless steel, copper and aluminum. The evaporated material was pumped out in air atmosphere and transferred to a filter. Presence of the activity on the filter was proved by a germanium detector-multichannel analyzer. Activity levels were measured by a GM counter. Calculated decontamination factors as well as collection factors have shown that ablation takes place with relatively high efficiency of decontamination. This investigation suggests that decontamination using the CO2 laser should be seriously considered.
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Scepan S. Milijanic, Natasa N. Stjepanovic, and Milan S. Trtica "Possibilities of a metal surface radioactive decontamination using a pulsed CO2 laser", Proc. SPIE 3887, High-Power Lasers in Civil Engineering and Architecture, (14 January 2000);

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