12 November 1999 Comparison of optical properties in GaN and InGaN quantum well structures
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 3896, Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Photonic Devices; (1999) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.370352
Event: International Symposium on Photonics and Applications, 1999, Singapore, Singapore
Static, field-mounted and time-resolved spectroscopic measurements were carried out to compare the electronic structures between AlGaN/GaN binary and GaN/InGaN ternary single quantum wells (SQWs). The internal field exits across the quantum well (QW) naturally induces quantum-confined Stark effects, namely the redshift of the QW resonance energy and separation of electron-hole wavefunction overlap. Thus AlGaN/GaN SQWs exhibited a weak luminescence peak due to the presence of nonradiative channels. However, optical absorption and degenerate pump-probe measurements revealed that excitonic character still remains for the thin QWs having the well width nearly the same as the bulk free exciton Bohr radius even under high electric field as high as 0.73 MV/cm. A slightly In-alloyed InGaN SQW exhibited bright luminescence peak in spite of the pronounced effective bandgap inhomogeneity in the QW, which was confirmed by the point excitation and monochromatic cathodoluminescence mapping methods to have the lateral potential interval smaller than 40 nm. Therefore the light emitting area of the potential minima has the size defined as 'quantum-disk'. Carriers generated in the InGaN QWEs are effectively localized in these regions to form localized QW excitons exhibiting highly efficient spontaneous emissions.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Shigefusa F. Chichibu, Shigefusa F. Chichibu, Amane Shikanai, Amane Shikanai, Takahiro Deguchi, Takahiro Deguchi, Akiko Setoguchi, Akiko Setoguchi, Rikuro Nakai, Rikuro Nakai, Kazumi Wada, Kazumi Wada, Steven P. DenBaars, Steven P. DenBaars, Takayuki Sota, Takayuki Sota, Takashi Mukai, Takashi Mukai, Shuji Nakamura, Shuji Nakamura, } "Comparison of optical properties in GaN and InGaN quantum well structures", Proc. SPIE 3896, Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Photonic Devices, (12 November 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.370352; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.370352

Back to Top