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9 November 1999 Self-focusing, self-trapping, and optical limiting of light beams in photorefractive Bi12SiO20:Fe crystal
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Abstract
Nonlinear absorption, 1D self-focusing and 1D self-trapping of optical beams are studied in 150 ppm Fe-doped Bi12SiO20 crystal using single beam Z-scan technique in nano second regime using coherent and incoherent laser pluses with out applying any external electric field across the crystal. When the crystal is placed in expanding beam 1D self-trapping is observed due to 1D self-focusing. The nonlinear absorption is also observed at high intensities due to trap assisted excited state absorption as well as two photon absorption. The ground state absorption and increased nonlinear absorption at 532 nm and 595 nm compared to pure BSO indicates the increased impurity traps in the crystal lattice due to iron incorporation. The studies reveal that incorporation of iron in BSO making it an excellent optical limiter.
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P. Sreeramana Aithal, Prem P. Kiran, and Desai Narayana Rao "Self-focusing, self-trapping, and optical limiting of light beams in photorefractive Bi12SiO20:Fe crystal", Proc. SPIE 3899, Photonics Technology into the 21st Century: Semiconductors, Microstructures, and Nanostructures, (9 November 1999); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.369427
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