17 April 2000 Characterizing white LEDs for general illumination applications
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Proceedings Volume 3938, Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications IV; (2000) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.382836
Event: Symposium on Integrated Optoelectronics, 2000, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
During the past few years several manufacturers have introduced white Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). At the present time these LEDs do not provide sufficient luminous flux for general lighting applications. Many manufacturers are studying the possibility of grouping several LEDs and overdriving them to produce more luminous flux. The impact of higher drive current on long-term performance of LEDs is not well known within the lighting community. Therefore, an experimental study was conducted to investigate the photometric characteristics of white LEDs as a function of time for different drive currents. The LEDs investigated in this study were the 5-millimeter type that uses GaN-based blue LEDs and Y3Al5O12 (yttrium aluminum garnet) phosphors (YAG phosphors). These LEDs produced 65 percent more light output at 55 mA compared to the light output at 20 mA. Groups of ten LEDs were driven continuously at constant current 20, 30, 50, 70, 90, and 110 mA and their relative light output were monitored at regular intervals for over 4000 hours. The light output degradation rate increased with increasing drive currents. Typically, LED manufacturers do not recommend driving these LEDs above 20 mA. However, it was noticed that the light output of these LEDs degraded to 65% of its initial value around 4000 hours even for those LEDs driven at 20 mA, which is the manufacturer recommended value for drive current. Considering the amount of flux produced by these 5 mm type white LEDs and their light output degradation rate, they are not yet suitable for general lighting applications.
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Nadarajah Narendran, Nadarajah Narendran, Nishantha Maliyagoda, Nishantha Maliyagoda, Andrew Bierman, Andrew Bierman, Richard M. Pysar, Richard M. Pysar, Martin Overington, Martin Overington, } "Characterizing white LEDs for general illumination applications", Proc. SPIE 3938, Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications IV, (17 April 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.382836; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.382836
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