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25 April 2000 Correction of contrast in projection systems by means of phase-controlled prism coatings and band-shifted twist compensators
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Proceedings Volume 3954, Projection Displays 2000: Sixth in a Series; (2000)
Event: Electronic Imaging, 2000, San Jose, CA, United States
Projectors that use LCOS lightvalves face special contrast requirements. Most configurations for reflective light valves employ tilted beam-dividing coatings that see both bright and dark polarization states. The optics must then be designed to eliminate polarization mixing at these coatings, which ordinarily arises when the S and P planes for different rays are non-parallel. We show how phase- controlled coatings can exploit the double-pass symmetry of the Plumbicon tri-prism geometry to correct this effect, reducing cross-polarized reflectivity to approximately 1E-3 when the light valve is mirror-like in black-state. Though contrast in different rays varies as a function of both ray skew component and coating angle of incidence, we show that for NA <EQ 0.2 the computation involved in calculating beam contrast is essentially equivalent to tracing a single ray. Light valves that use a normally-black TN mode exhibit a non-mirror-like phase dispersion in their black-state, complicating contrast control in the optics. Scatter depolarization at the edges of pixel electrodes is enhanced in these light valves, because the inherent twist causes the backplane polarization to be rotated out of alignment with pixel edges. We show that all of these contrast degradation mechanisms can be addressed by incorporating into the light valve a compensating layer having opposite birefringence to the black-state TN active layer. Moreover, when the compensating layer and driven layer are blue-shifted to a shorter LC thickness than would ordinarily be appropriate for the wavelength band of interest, a highly achromatic response is obtained at all gray levels.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Alan E. Rosenbluth, Minhua Lu, Kei Hsiung Yang, Kenneth Ho, Rama Nand Singh, and Teruhiro Nakasogi "Correction of contrast in projection systems by means of phase-controlled prism coatings and band-shifted twist compensators", Proc. SPIE 3954, Projection Displays 2000: Sixth in a Series, (25 April 2000);


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