2 June 2000 Resolution and bit depth: how much is enough?
Author Affiliations +
We describe results of experiments studying the tradeoff between resolution and bit depth. Images in the experiments were printed on a high resolution imagesetter, eliminating most, if not all, device effects. They were first converted from PostScript to antialiased rasters at one of a set of resolutions, then converted from 8 bit to n bits for some value of n less than 8. Before printing, they were converted back to 8 bits and scaled up to printer resolution, then halftoned for printing. We were measuring human response to a system that had a bandwidth bottleneck somewhere upstream of the printer, and sophisticated resampling and halftoning at the printer itself. The images, typical of those used for critical evaluation of hard copy, contained text, analytical test targets, synthetic graphics and pictorial images. We found bit depths and resolutions beyond which no further improvement was observed, typically somewhat higher limits than previously believed. We also compared methods of font hinting for antialiased text, and found that font hinting improves text only at one bit per pixel, degrading it at higher bit depths.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
R. Victor Klassen, Kalpana Janamanchi, "Resolution and bit depth: how much is enough?", Proc. SPIE 3959, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging V, (2 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.387165; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.387165


Nonlinear detail enhancement of error-diffused images
Proceedings of SPIE (May 01 1994)
Error diffusion: a theoretical view
Proceedings of SPIE (September 08 1993)
Multiresolution binary image embedding
Proceedings of SPIE (June 20 2003)
Tone-dependent error diffusion
Proceedings of SPIE (December 28 2001)

Back to Top