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19 April 2000 Fast block motion estimation algorithm based on combined subsamplings on pixels and search candidates
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Block motion estimation is one of the key technologies in video compression and has been widely adopted by several existing video coding international standards. Many popular block motion estimation methods, including three-step search (TSS), new three-step search (NTSS), and four-step search (4SS), have assumed that the error surface is unimodal over the search area or the motion vector is center-biased. However, these assumptions do not hold for most MPEG-1,2 video frames. As a result, the schemes with these assumptions will exhibit degraded performance as they applied to MPEG-1,2 video frames. In this paper, we propose a fast block matching motion estimation scheme based on an integration of pixel subsampling and search candidate subsampling. Comparing with the well- known TSS algorithm, the proposed scheme visits more candidates so that it can significantly avoid trapping into the local minima and therefore is more robust. Experimental results using typical MPEG-1 video frames show that the proposed algorithm can achieve better PSNR as well as higher speed-up ratios than the well-known TSS. In addition, the combined subsampling scheme has a regular structure that facilitates easy hardware implementation.
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Yue Yu, Jianping Zhou, and Chang Wen Chen "Fast block motion estimation algorithm based on combined subsamplings on pixels and search candidates", Proc. SPIE 3974, Image and Video Communications and Processing 2000, (19 April 2000);

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