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19 April 2000 Implementation and analysis of an optimized rainfalling watershed algorithm
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In this paper we discuss a new implementation of a floating point based rainfalling watershed algorithm. First, we analyze and compare our proposed algorithm and its implementation with two implementations based on the well-known discrete Vincent- Soille flooding watershed algorithms. Next, we show that by carefully designing and optimizing our algorithm a memory (bandwidth) efficient and high speed implementation can be realized. We report on timing and memory usage results for different compiler settings, computer systems and algorithmic parameters. Our optimized implementation turns out to be significantly faster than the two Vincent-Soille based implementations with which we compare. Finally, we include some segmentation results to illustrate that visually acceptable and almost identical segmentation results can always be obtained for all algorithms being compared. And, we also explain how, in combination with other pre- or post- processing techniques, the problem of oversegmentation (a typical problem of all raw watershed algorithms) can be (partially) overcome. All these properties make that our proposed implementation is an excellent candidate for use in various practical applications where high speed performance and/or efficient memory usage is needed.
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Patrick De Smet and Rui Luis V. P. M. Pires "Implementation and analysis of an optimized rainfalling watershed algorithm", Proc. SPIE 3974, Image and Video Communications and Processing 2000, (19 April 2000);

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