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6 June 2000 Fractal discrimination of MRI breast masses using multiple segmentations
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Fractal dimension (fd) of lesion borders has been proposed as a feature to discriminate between malignant and benign masses on MR breast images. The fd value is computed using a sample space of fractal models, an approach that reduces sensitivity to signal noise and image variability. The user specifies a rectangular region of interest (ROI) around the mass and the algorithm generates a segmentation zone from the ROI. Fractal models are constructed on multiple threshold intensity contours within the segmentation zone. Preliminary results show that the combination of statistical fd feature and expert-observer interpretations improves separation of benign from malignant breast masses when compared to expert-observer interpretations alone. The statistical fd feature has been incorporated into a prototype computer-aided-diagnosis (CAD) system that outputs the following to assist the diagnostician in determining clinical action: (1) A likelihood-of-cancer measure computed from fd and reader interpretations, (2) A binary categorical value indicating whether a test case is fd- highly suspicious or fd-inconclusive, (3) The ROI with portions of the mass border with the most cancer-like fractal characteristics highlighted.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Alan I. Penn, Scott F. Thompson, Mitchell D. Schnall, Murray H. Loew, and Lizann Bolinger "Fractal discrimination of MRI breast masses using multiple segmentations", Proc. SPIE 3979, Medical Imaging 2000: Image Processing, (6 June 2000);

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