12 June 2000 Development of fiber Bragg-grating-based soil pressure transducer for measuring pavement response
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A soil pressure transducer by using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors associated with a circular diaphragm is developed. The FBG based transducers can be used for pavement performance study and weigh-in-motion measurement. We consider three methods of bonding the FBG to the diaphragm: (1) radially, (2) radially, inside a glass capillary, and (3) circumferentially. The investigation of strain-gradient induced spectral broadening in FBG-based transducers is conducted since spectral broadening can have adverse effects on the sensor interrogations. We derive analytical closed form results for describing measurand-induced strain gradients in circular geometry transducers, which allow us to experimentally demonstrate novel FBG bonding approaches that eliminate spectral broadening. In addition, Bragg spectral broadening analysis using T-matrix calculation is also conducted to validate some of the experimental results. Two prototypes of soil pressure transducers are field tested at the Cold Region Research Engineering Laboratory (CRREL). The buried pressure transducers are impact-tested by use of a Falling-Weight- Deflectometer (FWD), and detected by NRL-developed FBG interrogation device. Lastly, we use the Boussinesq equation to verify the soil stress measured by the buried transducers.
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Chia-Chen Chang, Chia-Chen Chang, Gregg Johnson, Gregg Johnson, Sandeep T. Vohra, Sandeep T. Vohra, Bryan Althouse, Bryan Althouse, "Development of fiber Bragg-grating-based soil pressure transducer for measuring pavement response", Proc. SPIE 3986, Smart Structures and Materials 2000: Sensory Phenomena and Measurement Instrumentation for Smart Structures and Materials, (12 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.388139; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.388139

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