27 April 2000 Torsional vibration reduction using passive nonlinear absorbers
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Abstract
This paper considers the dynamic performance of systems of centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers that are used to attenuate torsional vibrations in rotating systems. These absorbers, which can be found in certain IC engines and helicopter rotors, consist of movable masses whose centers of mass are kinematically restricted to move along prescribed paths relative to the rotor of interest. The most common choice for absorber paths are simple circles that are slightly mistuned from the desired order, so that undesirable nonlinear behaviors are avoided when the absorbers undergo large amplitude motions. In this work we consider a range of different path types and tunings, with the goal of optimizing performance over a wide operating range. This analytical study relies on a mathematical model of a rotor fitted with N identical, general-path absorbers, and utilizes perturbation techniques to obtain analytical estimates for the response of the rotor and the absorbers. The results are used to select path parameters based on selected performance measures, and the results are verified via simulation studies. It is shown that slightly overtuned cycloidal paths provide excellent vibration reduction characteristics and prevent the occurrence of nonlinear instabilities and vibration localization in the response of the absorbers.
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Steven W. Shaw, Abdallah Alsuwaiyan, "Torsional vibration reduction using passive nonlinear absorbers", Proc. SPIE 3989, Smart Structures and Materials 2000: Damping and Isolation, (27 April 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.384580; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.384580
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