21 June 2000 Diagnosis of impact damage in composite structures with built-in piezoelectrics network
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An active diagnostic technique for identifying impact damage in composites is presented. A network of piezoelectric actuators and sensors were built into composites to generate and receive ultrasonic stress waves in the structures. Scattered waves were produced from the damage and were detected by sensors. A signal-processing scheme composed of smoothing filtering a joint time-frequency analysis was applied to minimize noise interference and convert sensor measurements into time-frequency spectrograms for interpretation. An identification method based on time-of- flight information obtained from the spectrograms was developed. Experiments were performed on composites with different configurations. It was demonstrated that the method was able to detect the presence of the damage and characterize the damage to a satisfactory precision. Identification results were verified with X-ray images of the structures.
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Calvin S. Wang, Calvin S. Wang, Fu-Kuo Chang, Fu-Kuo Chang, "Diagnosis of impact damage in composite structures with built-in piezoelectrics network", Proc. SPIE 3990, Smart Structures and Materials 2000: Smart Electronics and MEMS, (21 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.388893; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.388893

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