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6 April 2000 Dynamic response of the human retina to pulsed optical and electrical stimulation
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Transcutaneous millisecond stimulation of the retina by electric pulses is used for diagnosis, determination of the extent of optic nerve damage, and also partial restoration of visual function in patients with glaucoma, myopia and different types of optic nerve atrophy. Correlation between the threshold of phosphen formation and duration of the stimulating electric pulses was determined experimentally in normal eyes and in eyes with various pathologies. Comparison of optical and electrical scintillating frequency gives information about the dynamic processes in the normal and pathological retina.
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Garif G. Akchurin, Valery V. Bakutkin, Tatyana G. Kamenskih, Tatyana M. Zemskova, and Poonam Ahuja "Dynamic response of the human retina to pulsed optical and electrical stimulation", Proc. SPIE 4001, Saratov Fall Meeting '99: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine, (6 April 2000);

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