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5 July 2000 Differential phase technique with the Keck Interferometer
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Abstract
We present the motivation and development of the novel `differential phase' technique being developed for the Keck Interferometer with the goal of detecting faint companions near a bright source. The differential phase technique uses simultaneous phase measurements at several infrared wavelengths to detect the astrophysical signature produced by a chromatic, asymmetric brightness distribution. We discuss the origin of the differential phase signature and present results of test observations taken at the Palomar Testbed Interferometer. One important test result is the larger than expected effect of water vapor turbulence on these multi-wavelength observations due to the infrared dispersion of water. In order to reach the design goal of 0.1 milliradians, the phase noise caused by both temperature and water vapor fluctuations in the atmosphere must be corrected, and we discuss several ways to achieve this.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Rachel L. Akeson, Mark R. Swain, and M. Mark Colavita "Differential phase technique with the Keck Interferometer", Proc. SPIE 4006, Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, (5 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.390222; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.390222
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