18 July 2000 Fully depleted backside-illuminated spectroscopic active pixel sensors from the infrared to x rays (1 eV to 25 keV)
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Abstract
Large format arrays covering a wide bandwidth from 1 eV to 25 keV will be used in the focal plane of X-ray telescopes as well as in adaptive optics systems. As the readout speed requirements increase drastically with the collecting area, but noise figures have to be on the lowest possible level, CCD-type detectors do not seem to be able to fulfill the experiment expectations. Active pixel sensors (APS) have the capability to randomly select areas of interest and to operate at noise levels below 1 electron (rms). One prominent candidate for the use of an APS is XEUS: The X-ray Evolving Universe Spectroscopy mission. It represents a potential follow-on mission to the ESA cornerstone XMM currently in orbit. The XEUS mission was considered as part of ESA's Horizon 2000+ within the context of the International Space Station.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Lothar Strueder, Lothar Strueder, Norbert Meidinger, Norbert Meidinger, Elmar Pfeffermann, Elmar Pfeffermann, Robert Hartmann, Robert Hartmann, Heinrich W. Braeuninger, Heinrich W. Braeuninger, Norbert Krause, Norbert Krause, Gisela D. Hartner, Gisela D. Hartner, Konrad Dennerl, Konrad Dennerl, Frank Haberl, Frank Haberl, S. Kemmer, S. Kemmer, Martin Popp, Martin Popp, Joachim E. Truemper, Joachim E. Truemper, Johannes Kollmer, Johannes Kollmer, T. Johannes, T. Johannes, Gerhard Lutz, Gerhard Lutz, D. Hauff, D. Hauff, Rainer H. Richter, Rainer H. Richter, Peter Klein, Peter Klein, N. Hoernel, N. Hoernel, P. Solc, P. Solc, Rouven Eckhardt, Rouven Eckhardt, Peter Fischer, Peter Fischer, W. Neeser, W. Neeser, J. Ulrici, J. Ulrici, Norbert Wermes, Norbert Wermes, Peter Holl, Peter Holl, Peter Lechner, Peter Lechner, Josef Kemmer, Josef Kemmer, Heike Soltau, Heike Soltau, R. Stoetter, R. Stoetter, Ulrich Weber, Ulrich Weber, U. Weichert, U. Weichert, } "Fully depleted backside-illuminated spectroscopic active pixel sensors from the infrared to x rays (1 eV to 25 keV)", Proc. SPIE 4012, X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions III, (18 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.391556; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.391556
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