18 July 2000 The MAXI mission on the International Space Station
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Abstract
Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) is the first astrophysical payload which will be mounted on the Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility of International Space Station in 2004. It is designed for monitoring all-sky in the x-ray band by scanning with slat collimators and slit apertures. Its angular resolution and scanning period are approximately 1 arc degree and 90 minutes, respectively. MAXI employs two types of X-ray camera. One is Gas slit Camera (GSC), the detectors of which are 1D position sensitive proportional counters. Its position resolution is approximately 1.0 mm along carbon anode wires. GSC covers the 2.0 - 30 keV energy band. We have found an interesting feature in the energy response: monochromatic X-rays are detected with a peculiar hard tail in the spectra. The physical mechanism causing the hard tail is still unclear. The other camera is Solid-state Slit Camera (SSC). We employ a pair of SSCs, each of which consists of sixteen CCD chips. Each CCD has 1024 X 1024 pixels, and each pixel is 24 X 24 micrometers. The CCDs are to be operated at -60 degree using Peltier coolers. SSC covers an energy range of 0.5 - 10.0 keV. The test counters and test chips are evaluated in NASDA, Riken, and Osaka-University. The continuous Ethernet down link will enable us to alert the astronomers in all over the world to the appearance of X-ray transients, novae, bursts, flares etc. In this paper we will report on the current status of the MAXI mission.
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Hiroshi Tomida, Hiroshi Tomida, Masaru Matsuoka, Masaru Matsuoka, Shiro Ueno, Shiro Ueno, Ken'ichi Torii, Ken'ichi Torii, Mutsumi Sugizaki, Mutsumi Sugizaki, Wei Ming Yuan, Wei Ming Yuan, Shigenori Komatsu, Shigenori Komatsu, Yuji Shirasaki, Yuji Shirasaki, Nobuyuki Kawai, Nobuyuki Kawai, Atsumasa Yoshida, Atsumasa Yoshida, Tatehiro Mihara, Tatehiro Mihara, Ikuya Sakurai, Ikuya Sakurai, Hitoshi Negoro, Hitoshi Negoro, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Emi Miyata, Emi Miyata, Makoto Yamauchi, Makoto Yamauchi, Isao Tanaka, Isao Tanaka, } "The MAXI mission on the International Space Station", Proc. SPIE 4012, X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions III, (18 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.391552; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.391552
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