17 July 2000 Compact visible/near-infrared hyperspectral imager
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Abstract
This paper reports on the design, performance and signal processing of a visible/near infrared (VIS-NIR) chromotomographic hyperspectral imaging sensor. The sensor consists of a telescope, a direct vision prism, and a framing video camera. The direct vision prism is a two-prism set, arranged such that one wavelength passes undeviated, while the other wavelengths are dispersed along a line. The prism is mounted on a bearing so that it can be rotated on the optical axis of the telescope. As the prism is rotated, the projected image is multiplexed on elements of the focal plane array. Computational methods are used to reconstruct the scene at each wavelength; an approach similar to the limited-angle tomography techniques used in medicine. The sensor covers the visible through near infrared spectrum of silicon photodiodes. The sensor weighs less than 6 pounds has under 300 in3 volume and requires 20 watts. It produces image cubes, with 64 spectral bands, at rates up to 10 Hz. By operating in relatively fast framing mode, the sensor allows characterization of transient events. We will describe the sensor configuration and method of operation. We also present examples of sensor spectral image data.
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James E. Murguia, James E. Murguia, Toby D. Reeves, Toby D. Reeves, Jonathan Martin Mooney, Jonathan Martin Mooney, William S. Ewing, William S. Ewing, Freeman D. Shepherd, Freeman D. Shepherd, Andrzej K. Brodzik, Andrzej K. Brodzik, } "Compact visible/near-infrared hyperspectral imager", Proc. SPIE 4028, Infrared Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays VI, (17 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.391760; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.391760
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