24 July 2000 Utilization of DIRSIG in support of real-time infrared scene generation
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Abstract
Real-time infrared scene generation for hardware-in-the-loop has been a traditionally difficult challenge. Infrared scenes are usually generated using commercial hardware that was not designed to properly handle the thermal and environmental physics involved. Real-time infrared scenes typically lack details that are included in scenes rendered in no-real- time by ray-tracing programs such as the Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Scene Generation (DIRSIG) program. However, executing DIRSIG in real-time while retaining all the physics is beyond current computational capabilities for many applications. DIRSIG is a first principles-based synthetic image generation model that produces multi- or hyper-spectral images in the 0.3 to 20 micron region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The DIRSIG model is an integrated collection of independent first principles based on sub-models, each of which works in conjunction to produce radiance field images with high radiometric fidelity. DIRSIG uses the MODTRAN radiation propagation model for exo-atmospheric irradiance, emitted and scattered radiances (upwelled and downwelled) and path transmission predictions. This radiometry submodel utilizes bidirectional reflectance data, accounts for specular and diffuse background contributions, and features path length dependent extinction and emission for transmissive bodies (plumes, clouds, etc.) which may be present in any target, background or solar path. This detailed environmental modeling greatly enhances the number of rendered features and hence, the fidelity of a rendered scene. While DIRSIG itself cannot currently be executed in real-time, its outputs can be used to provide scene inputs for real-time scene generators. These inputs can incorporate significant features such as target to background thermal interactions, static background object thermal shadowing, and partially transmissive countermeasures. All of these features represent significant improvements over the current state of the art in real-time IR scene generation.
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Jeffrey S. Sanders, Scott D. Brown, "Utilization of DIRSIG in support of real-time infrared scene generation", Proc. SPIE 4029, Targets and Backgrounds VI: Characterization, Visualization, and the Detection Process, (24 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.392535; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.392535
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