21 July 2000 Comparison of methods for 3D target localization from seismic and acoustic signatures
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An important application of seismic and acoustic unattended ground sensors (UGS) is the estimation of the 3D position of an emitting target. Seismic and acoustic data derived from UGS systems provide the raw information to determine these locations, but can be processed and analyzed in a number of ways using varying amounts of auxiliary information. Processing methods to improve arrival time picking for continuous wave sources and methods for determining and defining the seismic velocity model are the primary variables affecting the localization accuracy. Results using field data collected from an underground facility have shown that using an iterative time picking technique significantly improves the accuracy of the resulting derived target location. Other processing techniques show little advantage over simple crosscorrelation alone in terms of accuracy, but may improve the ease with which time picks can be made. An average velocity model found through passive listening or a velocity model determined from a calibration source near the target source both result in similar location accuracies. Surprisingly, the use of average station corrections severely increases the location error.
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Gregory J. Elbring, Gregory J. Elbring, H. Douglas Garbin, H. Douglas Garbin, Mark D. Ladd, Mark D. Ladd, } "Comparison of methods for 3D target localization from seismic and acoustic signatures", Proc. SPIE 4040, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications II, (21 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.392578; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.392578

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