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21 July 2000 Low-power uncooled 120x160 a-Si-based micro infrared camera for unattended ground sensor applications
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Abstract
Low power and low cost are primary requirements for an imaging infrared camera used in unattended ground sensor arrays. In this paper, a 120 X 160 amorphous silicon (a- Si) microbolometer-based uncooled infrared camera technology offering a low cost, low power solution to infrared surveillance for UGS applications is presented. A 120 X 160 micron infrared camera (MIRC) has been demonstrated which exhibits an f/1 noise equivalent temperature difference sensitivity approximately 63 mK. This sensitivity has been achieved without the use of a thermoelectric cooler for array temperature stabilization thereby significantly reducing the power requirements. Chopperless camera operation at a 20 Hz frame rate with power consumption of 380 mW has also been demonstrated. The 120 X 160 MIRC operates under digital signal processor (DSP) control. To reduce cost, this DSP-controlled architecture employs commercial off-the-shelf DSP, A/D, memory and voltage regulator chips. The detector chip, employing an integrating amplifier per unit cell ROIC design, is the single custom chip used. The camera also employs low cost f/1 optics, as well as low cost wafer-level vacuum packaging. In this paper, a-Si microbolometer technology for the MIRC will be presented. Also, the key features and performance parameters of the MIRC are presented.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Thomas R. Schimert, John F. Brady III, Steven J. Ropson, Roland W. Gooch, Bobbi Ritchey, P. McCardel, A. J. Syllaios, John H. Tregilgas, K. Rachels, M. Weinstein, and John Wynn "Low-power uncooled 120x160 a-Si-based micro infrared camera for unattended ground sensor applications", Proc. SPIE 4040, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications II, (21 July 2000); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.392561
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