13 July 2000 Tactical mid-infrared background suppression in heavy clutter environments
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Effective missile warning and countermeasures are an unfulfilled goal for the Air Force and DOD community. To make the expectations a reality, sensors exhibiting the required sensitivity, field of regard, and spatial resolution are needed. The largest concern is the first stage of a missile warning system, detection, in which all targets need to be detected with a high confidence and with very few false alarms. Typical sensors are limited in their detection capability by the presence of heavy background clutter, sun glints, and inherent sensor noise. Many threat environments include false alarm generators like burning fuels, flares, exploding ordinance, and industrial sources. Multicolor discrimination is one of the most effective ways of improving the performance of infrared missile warning sensors, particularly for heavy clutter situations. Its utility has been demonstrated in fielded scanning sensors. Utilization of the background and clutter spectral content, coupled with additional spatial and temporal filtering techniques have resulted in a robust real-time algorithm to increase signal-to-clutter ratios against point targets. Algorithm results against tactical data are summarized and compared in terms of computational cost as implemented on a real-time 1024 SIMD machine.
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Joel B. Montgomery, Joel B. Montgomery, Richard B. Sanderson, Richard B. Sanderson, Frank O. Baxley, Frank O. Baxley, "Tactical mid-infrared background suppression in heavy clutter environments", Proc. SPIE 4048, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2000, (13 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.391987; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.391987

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