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6 April 2000 Correlation of HIV protease structure with Indinavir resistance: a data mining and neural networks approach
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Abstract
This paper presents some results of data mining HIV genotypic and structural data. Our aim is to try to relate structural features of HIV enzymes essential to its reproductive abilities to the drug resistance phenomenon. This paper concentrates on the HIV protease enzyme and Indinavir which is one of the FDA approved protease inhibitors. Our starting point was the current list of HIV mutations related to drug resistance. We used the fact that some molecular structures determined through high resolution X-ray crystallography were available for the protease-Indinavir complex. Starting with these structures and the known mutations, we modelled the mutant proteases and studied the pattern of atomic contacts between the protease and the drug. After suitable pre- processing, these patterns have been used as the input of our data mining process. We have used both supervised and unsupervised learning techniques with the aim of understanding the relationship between structural features at a molecular level and resistance to Indinavir. The supervised learning was aimed at predicting IC90 values for arbitrary mutants. The SOFM was aimed at identifying those structural features that are important for drug resistance and discovering a classifier based on such features. We have used validation and cross validation to test the generalization abilities of the learning paradigm we have designed. The straightforward supervised learning was able to learn very successfully but validation results are less than satisfactory. This is due to the insufficient number of patterns in the training set which in turn is due to the scarcity of the available data. The data mining using SOFM was very successful. We have managed to distinguish between resistant and non-resistant mutants using structural features. We have been able to divide all reported HIV mutants into several categories based on their 3- dimensional molecular structures and the pattern of contacts between the mutant protease and Indinavir. Our classifier shows reasonably good prediction performance being able to predict the drug resistance of previously unseen mutants with an accuracy of between 60% and 70%. We believe that this performance can be greatly improved once more data becomes available. The results presented here support the hypothesis that structural features of the molecular structure can be used in antiviral drug treatment selection and drug design.
© (2000) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sorin Draghici, Lonnie T. Cumberland Jr., and Ladislau C. Kovari "Correlation of HIV protease structure with Indinavir resistance: a data mining and neural networks approach", Proc. SPIE 4057, Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology II, (6 April 2000); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.381748
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