28 June 2000 Spatial long-range modulation of contrast discrimination
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Contrast discrimination is an important type of information for establishing image quality metrics based on human vision. We used a dual-masking paradigm to study how contrast discrimination can be influenced by the presence of adjacent stimuli. In a dual masking paradigm, the observer's task is to detect a target superimposed on a pedestal in the presence of flankers. The flankers (1) reduce the target threshold at zero pedestal contrast; (2) reduce the size of pedestal facilitation at low pedestal contrasts; and (3) shift the TvC (Target threshold vs. pedestal contrast) function horizontally to the left on a log-log plot at high pedestal contrasts. The horizontal shift at high pedestal contrasts suggests that the flanker effect is a multiplicative factor that cannot be explained by previous models of contrast discrimination. We extended a divisive inhibition model of contrast discrimination by implementing the flanker effect as a multiplicative sensitivity modulation factor that account for the data well.
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Chien-Chung Chen, Chien-Chung Chen, Christopher W. Tyler, Christopher W. Tyler, } "Spatial long-range modulation of contrast discrimination", Proc. SPIE 4080, Input/Output and Imaging Technolgies II, (28 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.389432; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.389432


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