4 December 2000 Spatiotemporal directional analysis of 4D echocardiography
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Speckle noise corrupts ultrasonic data by introducing sharp changes in an echocardiographic image intensity profile, while attenuation alters the intensity of equally significant cardiac structures. These properties introduce inhomogeneity in the spatial domain and suggests that measures based on phase information rather than intensity are more appropriate for denoising and cardiac border detection. The present analysis method relies on the expansion of temporal ultrasonic volume data on complex exponential wavelet-like basis functions called Brushlets. These basis functions decompose a signal into distinct patterns of oriented textures. Projected coefficients are associated with distinct 'brush strokes' of a particular size and orientation. 4D overcomplete brushlet analysis is applied to temporal echocardiographic values. We show that adding the time dimension in the analysis dramatically improves the quality and robustness of the method without adding complexity in the design of a segmentation tool. We have investigated mathematical and empirical methods for identifying the most 'efficient' brush stroke sizes and orientations for decomposition and reconstruction on both phantom and clinical data. In order to determine the 'best tiling' or equivalently, the 'best brushlet basis', we use an entorpy-based information cost metric function. Quantitative validation and clinical applications of this new spatio-temporal analysis tool are reported for balloon phantoms and clinical data sets.
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Elsa D. Angelini-Casadevall, Elsa D. Angelini-Casadevall, Andrew F. Laine, Andrew F. Laine, Shin Takuma, Shin Takuma, Shunichi Homma, Shunichi Homma, } "Spatiotemporal directional analysis of 4D echocardiography", Proc. SPIE 4119, Wavelet Applications in Signal and Image Processing VIII, (4 December 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.408649; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.408649

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