13 October 2000 GENIE: a hybrid genetic algorithm for feature classification in multispectral images
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Abstract
We consider the problem of pixel-by-pixel classification of a multi- spectral image using supervised learning. Conventional spuervised classification techniques such as maximum likelihood classification and less conventional ones s uch as neural networks, typically base such classifications solely on the spectral components of each pixel. It is easy to see why: the color of a pixel provides a nice, bounded, fixed dimensional space in which these classifiers work well. It is often the case however, that spectral information alone is not sufficient to correctly classify a pixel. Maybe spatial neighborhood information is required as well. Or maybe the raw spectral components do not themselves make for easy classification, but some arithmetic combination of them would. In either of these cases we have the problem of selecting suitable spatial, spectral or spatio-spectral features that allow the classifier to do its job well. The number of all possible such features is extremely large. How can we select a suitable subset? We have developed GENIE, a hybrid learning system that combines a genetic algorithm that searches a space of image processing operations for a set that can produce suitable feature planes, and a more conventional classifier which uses those feature planes to output a final classification. In this paper we show that the use of a hybrid GA provides significant advantages over using either a GA alone or more conventional classification methods alone. We present results using high-resolution IKONOS data, looking for regions of burned forest and for roads.
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Simon J. Perkins, Simon J. Perkins, James P. Theiler, James P. Theiler, Steven P. Brumby, Steven P. Brumby, Neal R. Harvey, Neal R. Harvey, Reid B. Porter, Reid B. Porter, John J. Szymanski, John J. Szymanski, Jeffrey J. Bloch, Jeffrey J. Bloch, } "GENIE: a hybrid genetic algorithm for feature classification in multispectral images", Proc. SPIE 4120, Applications and Science of Neural Networks, Fuzzy Systems, and Evolutionary Computation III, (13 October 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.403635; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.403635
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