26 October 2000 Radiation-induced dark current increase in CMOS active pixel sensors
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In this paper we discuss the dark current increase in CMOS Active pixel Sensors (APS) due to total dose and proton induced damage. We describe measurement results on several diodes that were used to investigate the degradation of the pixel photodiode under ionizing radiation. This study resulted in the design of radiation tolerant pixels that have proven to tolerate at least 200 kGy(Si) total dose from a 60Co source. Standard APS sensors show already large degradation after less than 100 Gy(Si) due to a strong surface leakage current increase. Standard CMOS imagers were also evaluated with respect to proton induced damage. Highly energetic protons can displace atoms from their lattice position, giving rise to an increase in mean level of dark current and non-uniformity.
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Jan Bogaert, Jan Bogaert, Bart Dierickx, Bart Dierickx, Chris A. Van Hoof, Chris A. Van Hoof, } "Radiation-induced dark current increase in CMOS active pixel sensors", Proc. SPIE 4134, Photonics for Space Environments VII, (26 October 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.405333; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.405333

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