31 January 2001 Self-aligned heterodyne laser radar system for surface displacement monitoring
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A novel configuration for a reference-beam, continuous-wave, heterodyne low-power radar prototype is presented. It measures both magnitude and sign of the radial component of the displacement velocity. The basic set-up includes a low power (~10 mW) commercial HeNe laser, a beam-splitter, an acousto-optic modulator, and a two-lens system that both focuses the transmitted beam on the target surface and collects the scattered light. Both the reference beam and the radiation collected are focused onto a Si avalanche photo-detector. The self-aligned configuration of the receiver makes possible, theoretically, to perform optimal mixing between the received scattered radiation and the reference beam. The resulting electrical signal is fed to a transimpedance amplifier and displayed on a spectrum analyzer. Laboratory experiments employing as a target the rim of a 50 cm-diameter rotating wheel placed at several distances have been performed. Results concerning detected signal-to-noise ratio, detected- signal spectral width, accuracy of the radial component of the velocity under measurement, system working range, and system tolerance in focus-adjustment distance will be presented and discussed. Compared to a previous homodyne prototype presented by the authors, the present system shows a shorter working range (~12 m compared to nearly ~16 m in the homodyne prototype). We attribute this smaller range to the additional losses in the acousto-optic modulator.
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Alejandro Rodriguez, Alejandro Rodriguez, David Garcia, David Garcia, Adolfo Comeron, Adolfo Comeron, Federico Dios, Federico Dios, Francesc Rocadenbosch, Francesc Rocadenbosch, } "Self-aligned heterodyne laser radar system for surface displacement monitoring", Proc. SPIE 4167, Atmospheric Propagation, Adaptive Systems, and Laser Radar Technology for Remote Sensing, (31 January 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.413830; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.413830

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