22 December 2000 WISE 2000 campaign: sea surface salinity and wind retrievals from L-band radiometry
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Abstract
Sea surface salinity (SSS) has been recognized as a key parameter in climatological studies. SSS can be measured by passive microwave remote sensing at L band, where the sensitivity of the brightness temperatures shows a maximum and the atmosphere is almost transparent. To provide global coverage of this basic parameter with a 3-day revisit time, the SMOS mission was recently selected by ESA within the frame of the Earth Explorer Opportunity Missions. The SMOS mission will carry the MIRAS instrument, the first 2D L-band aperture synthesis interferometric radiometer. To address new challenges that this mission presents, such as incidence angle variation with pixel, polarization mixing, effect of wind and foam and others, a measurement campaign has been sponsored by ESA under the name of WISE 2000 and it is scheduled for October-November 2000. Two L-band radiometers, a video, a IR and a stereo-camera and four oceanographic and meteorological buoys will be installed in the oil platform 'Casablanca' located at 40 Km off the coast of Tarragona, where the sea conditions are representative of the Mediterranean open sea with periodic influence of the Ebro river fresh water plume.
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Adriano Camps, Adriano Camps, Ignasi Corbella, Ignasi Corbella, Jordi Font, Jordi Font, Jacqueline Etchetto, Jacqueline Etchetto, Nuria Duffo, Nuria Duffo, Merce Vall-llossera, Merce Vall-llossera, Javier Bara, Javier Bara, Francisco Torres, Francisco Torres, Patrick Wursteisen, Patrick Wursteisen, Manuel Martin-Neira, Manuel Martin-Neira, } "WISE 2000 campaign: sea surface salinity and wind retrievals from L-band radiometry", Proc. SPIE 4172, Remote Sensing of the Ocean and Sea Ice 2000, (22 December 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.411688; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.411688
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