21 May 2001 Thermal and fluid characteristics during cryogen spray cooling
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Proceedings Volume 4244, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XI; (2001) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.427766
Event: BiOS 2001 The International Symposium on Biomedical Optics, 2001, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
Cryogen spray cooling (CSC) is a technique to protect the epidermis from non-specific thermal injury during laser treatment of various dermatoses. Successful application of CSC in conjunction with laser treatment of heavily pigmented individuals, and high radiant exposures which may be required for effective therapeutic outcomes, requires enhancement of heat removal. We have investigated the thermal mechanisms, and effects of droplet size, density and velocity on heat removal during CSC. Our results suggest that although the inherent thermal diffusivity of skin may be a limiting factor in heat removal, parameters such as droplet size, density, and velocity are important, and should be optimized for maximum heat removal.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bahman Anvari, Bahman Anvari, Brian M. Pikkula, Brian M. Pikkula, James William Tunnell, James William Tunnell, Jorge H. Torres, Jorge H. Torres, } "Thermal and fluid characteristics during cryogen spray cooling", Proc. SPIE 4244, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XI, (21 May 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.427766; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.427766
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