1 June 2001 Is penile electrocautery safe?: I. Histological and computational temperature assessment in an animal model
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Proceedings Volume 4247, Thermal Treatment of Tissue: Energy Delivery and Assessment; (2001) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.427846
Event: BiOS 2001 The International Symposium on Biomedical Optics, 2001, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the thermal and tissue changes associated with the use of electrocautery hemostasis on dependent tissues such as the penis. Circumcision was performed on twelve male sheep using a Gomco clamp and surgical removal. Electrocautery was then applied circumferentially to 6 separate sites along the circumcision incision for a duration of 2 seconds per application, with a 10-second interval between applications. Coagulation electrocautery power was set at either 25 or 50 Watts. Temperature changes were monitored by fiber-optic temperature probes placed immediately beneath the circumcision site in the penile urethra and at the base of the penis. Three animals were sacrificed acutely while the remaining 15 animals were sacrificed one month post-procedure. Penises were assessed by gross and histologic observation. Immediately post-procedure, epidermal and superficial dermal necrosis was observed at the cautery sites. By 32-days postprocedure, primary tissue change at the cautery site consisted of scarring and mild inflammation. Energy level (25 vs 50 Watts) did not significantly affect the level of tissue damage. Penile tissue subadjacent or distant to the cautery sites showed no gross or histologic change at the acute or chronic assessment period. During electrocautery, a maximum increase of 7°C (1-2 mm from the site of electrocautery) was observed regardless of the energy level. Temperature elevations commonly returned to near baseline within 5 minutes post-application. Smaller increases in temperature (range 1-2°C) occurred at the base of the penis. Our results document the long-held perception that electrocautery hemostasis can be safely employed in penile surgery, if the appropriate technique is used. Significant temperature and tissue changes are confined to very small/localized regions immediately adjacent to the cautery applicator.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
P. Jack Hoopes, P. Jack Hoopes, David J. Cozzolino, David J. Cozzolino, Marc Cendron, Marc Cendron, Keith D. Paulsen, Keith D. Paulsen, B. Stuart Trembly, B. Stuart Trembly, Alex Hartov, Alex Hartov, Thomas P. Ryan, Thomas P. Ryan, Luanna R. Bartholomew, Luanna R. Bartholomew, } "Is penile electrocautery safe?: I. Histological and computational temperature assessment in an animal model", Proc. SPIE 4247, Thermal Treatment of Tissue: Energy Delivery and Assessment, (1 June 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.427846; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.427846
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