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24 April 2001 Chronic imaging of amyloid plaques in the live mouse brain using multiphoton microscopy
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Proceedings Volume 4262, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences; (2001) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.424546
Event: BiOS 2001 The International Symposium on Biomedical Optics, 2001, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
Transgenic mice expressing the human Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) develop amyloid plaques as they age. These plaques resemble those found in the human disease. Multiphoton laser scanning microscopy combined with a novel surgical approach was used to measure amyloid plaque dynamics chronically in the cortex of living transgenic mice. Thioflavine S (thioS) was used as a fluorescent marker of amyloid deposits. Multiphoton excitation allowed visualization of amyloid plaques up to 200 micrometers deep into the brain. The surgical site could be imaged repeatedly without overt damage to the tissue, and individual plaques within this volume could be reliably identified over periods of several days to several months. On average, plaque sizes remained constant over time, supporting a model of rapid deposition, followed by relative stability. Alternative reporters for in vivo histology include thiazine red, and FITC-labeled amyloid-(Beta) peptide. We also present examples of multi-color imaging using Hoechst dyes and FITC-labeled tomato lectin. These approaches allow us to observe cell nuclei or microglia simultaneously with amyloid-(Beta) deposits in vivo. Chronic imaging of a variety of reporters in these transgenic mice should provide insight into the dynamics of amyloid-(Beta) activity in the brain.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Brian J. Bacskai, Stephen T. Kajdasz, R. H. Christie, Warren R. Zipfel, Rebecca M. Williams, Karl A. Kasischke, Watt W. Webb, and B. T. Hyman "Chronic imaging of amyloid plaques in the live mouse brain using multiphoton microscopy", Proc. SPIE 4262, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences, (24 April 2001); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.424546
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