16 April 2001 Ultrasensitive DNA and protein analysis using molecular beacon probes
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Proceedings Volume 4264, Genomics and Proteomics Technologies; (2001) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.424590
Event: BiOS 2001 The International Symposium on Biomedical Optics, 2001, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
Molecular beacons (MBs) are novel nucleic acid hairpin-shaped probes that brightly fluoresce when they are bound to their targets and have a significant advantage over conventional nucleic acid probes. We have developed ultrasensitive MB DNA biosensors, including a fiber optic evanescent wave sensor and a submicrometer optical fiber sensor. The fiber optic sensors are rapid, stable, reproducible, regenerable and have the capability for one base mismatch discrimination. The sensors have been applied for both detection of DNA and specific mRNA sequences. A sensor array has also been demonstrated for multiple target identification. A microwell array methodology has been developed for ultrasmall amount DNA analysis, and can detect 50 DNA molecules in each well. Our study has also extended the applications of MBs from pure nucleic acid hybridization to DNA-protein interactions. These recent advancements of ultrasensitive DNA/protein analysis by molecular beacon probes provide a powerful tool for genomics and proteomics studies, molecular diagnoses of diseases, and new drug development.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hua Jane Lou, Xiaohong Fang, Lisa Hilliard, Xiaojing Liu, Jianwei Jeffrey Li, Shannon Kelley, Sheldon Schuster, Weihong Tan, "Ultrasensitive DNA and protein analysis using molecular beacon probes", Proc. SPIE 4264, Genomics and Proteomics Technologies, (16 April 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.424590; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.424590
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