21 December 2000 Moire-free color halftoning using 2x2 printer modeling
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Abstract
This paper introduces a moire-free color half toning algorithm. Moire patterns might appear in traditional halftone images. This could be caused by interference among halftone screens of different colors, or beating between he input image and the screens. In our algorithm, we adjust the halftone screens of different colors, or beating between the input image and the screens. In our algorithm, we adjust the halftone output in such a way that the low-frequency difference between the input and the appearance of the output is minimized. Due to non-linear color mixing, the appearance of a color print is not a simple combination of CMYK four channels, and is hence not easily predictable. We use the 2 by 2 printer model to estimate the pixel-level CIE-Lab values from the halftone output. Next we calculate the difference between the original CIE-Lab input image and the 2 by 2 estimation and run a low-pass filtering on the result. Then, we feed back the low-frequency difference into the input. The low-frequency-feedback process cancels the potential color moire patterns.
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Shenge Wang, Shenge Wang, Zhigang Fan, Zhigang Fan, } "Moire-free color halftoning using 2x2 printer modeling", Proc. SPIE 4300, Color Imaging: Device-Independent Color, Color Hardcopy, and Graphic Arts VI, (21 December 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.410813; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.410813
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