1 August 2001 Data hiding technique in JPEG compressed domain
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Abstract
JPEG is a common image format in the world wide web. JPEG-compressed images can be used to hide data for secret internet communication and simply any auxiliary data. In this paper, we propose an algorithm called J-Mark to embed invisible watermark information into JPEG compressed images in the compress domain. There are three parts of J-Mark: block selection, DCT coefficient selection, and modification of selected DCT coefficients. Only the texture blocks with significant masking properties are selected in block selection. Only the DCT coefficients with significant energy in the selected blocks are selected. The watermark data are embedded as the 'randomized parity' in the selected DCT coefficients. The embedded data can be recovered perfectly in the compressed domain without fully decoding the JPEG image. Experiment results suggest that the proposed J-Mark can hide the watermarking data without detectable visual artifacts. Although the data hiding capacity differs among images, some parameter of J-Mark can be used to achieve tradeoff between data hiding capacity and visual quality.
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Peter Hon Wah Wong, Oscar Chi Lim Au, Justy Wei Chuen Wong, "Data hiding technique in JPEG compressed domain", Proc. SPIE 4314, Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents III, (1 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.435412; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.435412
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KEYWORDS
Digital watermarking

Data hiding

Image compression

Image processing

Quantization

Visualization

Image quality

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