1 August 2001 Low-bit-rate video watermarking using temporally extended differential energy watermarking (DEW) algorithm
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Digital video data distribution through the internet is becoming more common. Film trailers, video clips and even video footage from computer and video games are now seen as very powerful means to boost sales of the aforementioned products. These materials need to be protected to avoid copyright infringement issues. However, these materials are encoded at a low bit-rate to facilitate internet distribution and this poses a challenge to the watermarking operation. In this paper we present an extension to the Differential Energy Watermarking algorithm, to use it in low bit-rate environment. We present the extension scheme and its evaluate its performance in terms of watermark capacity, robustness and visual impact.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Iwan Setyawan, Reginald L. Lagendijk, "Low-bit-rate video watermarking using temporally extended differential energy watermarking (DEW) algorithm", Proc. SPIE 4314, Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents III, (1 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.435387; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.435387

Digital watermarking

Directed energy weapons




Spatial resolution

Computer programming


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