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28 June 2001 Direct-conversion flat-panel detector for region-of-interest angiography
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Minimally invasive image-guided interventions require very high image resolution and quality, specifically over regions-of-interest (ROI) crucial to the procedure. An ROI high quality image allows limited patient radiation deposition while permitting rapid frame transfer rates. Considering current developments in direct conversion Flat Panel Detectors (FPD), advantages of such an imager for ROI angiography were investigated. The performance of an amorphous-selenium based FPD was simulated to evaluate improvements in MTF and DQE under various angiographic imaging conditions. The detector envisioned incorporates the smallest pixel size of 70 mm, reported to date, and a photoconductor thickness of 1000 mm to permit angiography. The MTF of the FPD is calculated to be 60% at the Nyquist frequency of 7.1 lp/mm compared to 6% for a previously reported CsI(Tl)-based ROI CCD camera. The DQE(0) of the FPD at 0.7 mR and 70 kVp is 74% while for the CCD camera is 70%. At 7.1 lp/mm, the FPD's DQE is 26% while for the CCD camera it is 12%. Images of an undeployed stent with 70 mm pixel mammography FPD prototype, compare favorably with images acquired with the CCD camera. Thus a practical direct flat-panel ROI detector with both improved performance and physical size is proposed.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Arundhuti Ganguly, Stephen Rudin, Daniel R. Bednarek, Kenneth R. Hoffmann, Chang-Ying J. Yang, and Zhou Wang "Direct-conversion flat-panel detector for region-of-interest angiography", Proc. SPIE 4320, Medical Imaging 2001: Physics of Medical Imaging, (28 June 2001);

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